and most southerly Greek island, Crete is rich in historical
remains and scenic variety. Along the northern shores there
are modern resorts. Alongside lie the scattered remains of
older civilizations – Minoan palaces, Byzantine churches,
Venetian castles and sites of more recent struggles. Crete is
divided into four prefectures – Chania (Hania), Rethymnon
(Rethimno), Heraklion (Iraklio) and Agios Nikolaos – and has
a good road network and regular communications.
the largest and busiest town on the island, has a variety of
nightlife and sightseeing to offer. In the prefecture of
Heraklion are three of the most important Minoan centers –
Knossos, Phaestos and Malia. Crete is well known as the
setting for the battle between Theseus and the Minotaur, and
the ruins of Knossos are popularly held to be the site of the
With full of
tropical beaches, traditional villages, everyone with a
different history, a huge variety of gorgeous landscapes,
remains from ancient civilizations, you've got people here
writing history for the last five thousand years. N.
Kazantzakis was inspired and wrote his famous book "
Zorba the Greek" in Crete. Crete is the one for those who
want it all.
Civilization of Crete was one of the world's most ancient,
reaching a peak around 1600 B.C. The island was conquered by
the Romans in 67 B.C., and was later held by Byzantium, except
for a period of Arab occupation from 823-961. It was taken by
Venice in 1204 and Turkey in 1669. Crete was contested between
Turkey and Greece until union with Greece was proclaimed in
1908. During the Second World War, Crete was the scene of the
first large-scale invasion by air when German paratroopers
took the island.