Halkidiki, the highlight of eastern Macedonia. There are numerous
archaeological sites, including the Temple of Zeus Ammon on
the shore at Kalithea and the ruins of ancient Olynthos on
Kassandra. The countryside, with pinewoods and olive groves,
is ideal for peaceful walks. Kassandra and Sithonia shelter
the north's best beaches and are both fast-growing holiday
destinations. Here also is the religious community of Mount
Athos, which can only be visited by men with a special permit.
No women are allowed in. This is issued by the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs (tel: (210) 361 0581) or by the Ministry of
Northern Greece, Directorate of Civil Affairs at Odos El
Venizelou 48, Thessaloniki. Tel: (2310) 264 321. Overnight
stays are forbidden for those without proven religious or
scholarly interests in the area.
Potidaea: The city of Potidaea
was located near the narrowest point of the peninsula.
It was an important classical city whose rebellion
against Athens helped cause the Peloponnesian War.
Olynthos: Olynthos is of special importance since the person who
excavated it, David M. Robinson, later donated much of his
collection to the University of Mississippi. You can see
much of the collection online at the
M. Robinson Collection. The excavation of the
Site of Olynthos was important because it provided quite a
lot of information to scholars on the average Greek homes of
the period (4th century B.C.) (the
there was also found). It also provides a firm date for
pottery styles since almost the exact date of its destruction
is known and no other habitation at the site disturbed the
material. You can see a scale
of the same mosaic (along with several others from the
site) by the German archaeologist Baron von Peschke, who
recreated many of the mosaics at Olynthos.
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